Fauna describes the total number of animal species existing in one particular geographical area. These include vertibrates and invertibrates. Fauna in Greece has not been studied to the extent of other countries, but it is thought that there are approximately 50,000 species in total. About 25% of these are endemic to Greece.
An approximate breakdown of species would be as follows:
* Land and freshwater species - over 23,000
* Sea species - over 3,500
* Insects make up the rest of the species, including some that have been recorded, but not yet listed.
The main reasons for this biodiversity are:
* That Greece gave shelter to many of these (now endemic) species from Northern Europe, during the ice ages.
* The mild climate that permits insect activity during all of the year.
* Remote areas on the edges of peninsulas, where up to 45% of endemic species are found.
* The geographical position and the wide range of habitats and ecosystems existing in Greece, such as: wetlands; fertile shallows; old growth forests; caves; gorges; mountains and thousands of islands.
It goes without saying that urbanisation of particular areas means that certain species are on the edge of extinction or, have already become extinct.
There is no statistical evidence of species in Spetses available, but once again, as with flora, Spetses provides a healthy snapshot.
Greek Easter Sunday 16 April
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